Music makes the brain work
Not so long ago, American scientists conducted an experiment in which it became clear that music helps a lot – for example, in reading and concentration.
According to Nina Kraus, a neurologist at Northwestern University, who conducted the experiment, the findings highlight the importance of practicing music. “When school funding is limited, the first thing that is removed from the program is usually just music lessons. This is a big mistake.”
Studies with the participation of 20 volunteers began with the fact that the experiment participants were offered to watch films of their choice.
While watching, the volunteers also continuously heard in the background the word Mandarin dialect, similar to “mi”. This adverb is very musical, and the meaning of the word depends on the tone in which it is pronounced. For example, the word “mi”, pronounced evenly, means “look askance”, if the tone is raised, then the word takes on the meaning “embarrass”, and at a lower tone, this word means “rice”.
During the experiment, scientists recorded the level of brain activity of participants. It should be noted that half of the volunteers in childhood attended music school for six years (on average). The other half did not attend music classes. All participants were native English speakers and had never before heard Mandarin dialect.
“Even though all the participants’s attention was focused on the film, and the sounds didn’t make any sense for them, those who attended the music school could distinguish the nuances of the film’s characters’s speech much better,” said the Northwestern neurologist. University Patrick Wang. He stressed that the observations were made on the most ordinary people who are not professional musicians.
Scientists have found that music is perceived by the same part of the brain, which is responsible for the automatic functions of the body, such as breathing and heartbeat. The most stimulating effect has “live”, and improvised music.
“These results show us at what deep level music is perceived by a person. We think that music stimulates and actually adjusts the brain to hard work,” said Kraus.
Now scientists take another question – how many years of musical training is required for music therapy to bring its tangible results. Researchers believe that music classes would also help children with low literacy rates.